Proper hydration can help ensure optimal muscle function and prevent muscle cramps as well as excess fatigue. Along with enough rest, staying properly hydrated can aid in muscle recovery and repair after an injury or workout. Water intake also directly contributes to heat exchange and the demands of body temperature increases with physical activity or environment. This means that when we sweat due to exercise or hot temperatures, we are losing valuable fluids and we should drink extra water to make up for the loss. Studies show that the average male and female should have a water intake of 3.7 and 2.7 L per day, respectively. Although, considering factors such as metabolism, diet, climate and clothing, additional water should be considered for daily consumption.
We also must pay attention to some of the food we eat or the beverages we drink as either helping or hurting our hydration status. When in doubt, enough water can always help meet our bodies’ needs for hydration, peak physical performance, and recovery!
By Todd Sparks PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS